Arthur Oakley Coltman

Some time ago on this blog I wrote about Brigadier General Arthur Benison Hubback who designed some of Malaysia’s most famous buildings such as the KL Railway Station and Masjid Jamek.

Another British architect, Arthur Oakley Coltman, also left his mark on Kuala Lumpur. He worked with the architectural firm Booty Edwards & Partners in Malaya from 1925 to 1957, a time which included the Art Deco period and this style is reflected in many of his works.

Here are Coltman’s best known buildings in KL:

  • Clock Tower

Clock Tower Market Square KL

This clock tower is located in the Old Market Square (Medan Pasar Besar) in the heart of KL. It was commissioned to commemorate the coronation of King George VI in 1937 but the memorial plaques were removed following Independence. The sunburst motif on the lower panels is typical of Art Deco design. The clock tower has recently had a much-needed facelift after years of neglect and vandalism but it still looks rather drab and I see it has weeds growing out of the top.  The clock faces, presumably not the originals, are made by Seiko.

  • OCBC Building

OCBC Building Kuala Lumpur

More attractive, in my opinion, is the OCBC building, located on the same square as the Clock Tower and also built in 1937. It was designed with basement parking for bicycles. The set back ground floor provides shade for pedestrians and is an Art Deco version of the five foot way found in traditional shophouses.

  • Oriental Building

Oriental Building KL

This was the tallest building in Kuala Lumpur when it was built in the 1930’s. It housed Radio Malaya and some say the design looks like a 1930’s style radio, similar to this one perhaps.1930's radio

One of the upper four floors was used by the Oriental Government Security Life Assurance Company whose premises were damaged in a minor earthquake in 1936.

  • Anglo-Oriental Building

Anglo Oriental Building KL

This building was also built in 1937 – a busy year for Mr. Coltman. It was the headquarters for Anglo-Oriental, a tin mining company and its main doors were made of pewter. It incorporates a number of art deco features which must have been the height of fashion when it was new.

  • Lee Rubber Building

Lee Rubber Building KL

Also of 1930’s design, the Lee Rubber Building was commissioned by Lee Kong Chian, a Chinese businessman from Johor who made a fortune from rubber and pineapple plantations. During the war the building was used by the notorious Kempeitai military police. Both Coltman and his wife were interned by the Japanese during the War (he in Singapore and she in Sumatra).

  • Rubber Research Institute

RRI Kuala Lumpur

RRI on Jalan Ampang is a series of brick buildings with large concrete or plaster mullions and embellishments in art deco style. The uppermost decorations shown here which look like towels on a rail represent sheets of latex hanging out to dry, an every day sight at the time on any rubber plantation.  A foundation stone laid by the Sultan of Selangor bears the date 22nd April 1936.

  • Odeon Cinema

Odeon Cinema KL

The Odeon Cinema on Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman was built in 1936 for the Cathay Organisation. Unfortunately its exterior is now almost entirely blanketed in advertising posters but the towers with flagpoles are just visible flanking the entrance.

  • Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque in Brunei
This is the Legoland version.
This is the Legoland version.

Mr. Coltman was active in Brunei too where he completed the detailed drawings for the famous Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin mosque which was completed in 1958. I have visited this mosque but it was in pre-digital photography days so you’ll have to make do with this shot taken in Legoland Malaysia.

  • Mercantile Bank KL

Mercantile Bank in Kuala Lumpur in 1961

Coltman left Malaya in 1957 but his firm Booty Edwards continued to obtain work including the redevelopment of Mercantile Bank in 1961 (you can see the OCBC Building on the left). The building was remodelled a couple of times since following its rebranding as HSBC and most recently it has found a new life as a hotel, Pacific Express.

Former HSBC/Mercantile Bank in KL

The style of the lower floors is an attempt to blend in with the adjacent heritage shophouses on Medan Pasar Besar and to upgrade the overall appearance and ambience of this historic market square. It works as long as you don’t look up!

Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman, Kuala Lumpur

Jalan T.A.R., once known as Batu Road,  is a busy and bustling street in the commercial heart of Kuala Lumpur. It runs from the northern end of Dataran Merdeka (near Masjid Jamik) all the way up to Chow Kit market.

Bamboo chicks on a sarong shop.

Bamboo ‘chicks’ giving shade to a shop selling Indian made lunghis (sarongs).

Fabric shop, Jalan TAR


There are dozens of textile and clothing shops here and in the narrow alleys linking Jalan T.A.R. with the Little India district of Kuala Lumpur. Most of the shops and stalls seem to be run and frequented by Malay and Indonesian women and sell the colourful fabrics used for the traditional, loose fitting baju kurung.





The famous old Coliseum Cafe & Grill Room is still located on this stretch of Jln TAR.  Incidentally, the Coliseum has branched out and opened a new outlet in Petaling Jaya.  I gather they have replicated the original menu but the ambience won’t be quite the same. Last I heard they had not yet obtained a liquor license.

Coliseum Cafe & Grill RoomNew Petaling Jaya branch of Coliseum.

                            Coliseums Old                                                                                   & New

Architecturally, there are not many buildings on this street to write home about. Here are a couple of the better ones.

Art Deco style shophouse, Jalan Tuanku Abdul RahmanHotel Noble, Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman

Sogo department store is located nearby and from the upper floor you can get a good view of KL’s skyline.  This building below was, or maybe still is, the Odeon cinema.

Odeon Cinema, Jalan TAR

Property developers are keen to build apartment and office blocks with views of KL’s iconic Petronas (Twin) Towers, so much so that they are increasingly becoming screened off by high rise tower blocks.

View of the Twin Towers from Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman

Down a side street, Jalan Medan Tuanku, is a lovely heritage building called the Loke Mansion, which was the former home of Loke Yew (1845-1917) who was regarded as the richest man in Malaya at that time. The building was restored to its former glory by a law firm who now use it as an office. I don’t think their security guards wanted to let me go inside so I took this photo through a gap in the fence.

Loke Mansion, Medan Tuanku

My last photo stop on this mini-walk was Batu Road Boys School which is one of the oldest primary schools in Kuala Lumpur having been established in 1930. The first headmaster was a Mr. Wheatley who ran it until 1939. The building was used as a barracks by the Japanese during the War and they grew vegetables on the playing fields.

Batu Road School, Jalan Raja Laut